I enjoyed meeting you all yesterday and listening to the history that you researched. You all worked so hard! We were very lucky that it didn't rain until we were in the cafe at the end!
Below is some of the vocabulary from yesterday. I hope it helps and that you're able to use it while you're still in London.
I look forward to seeing you all again.
Vocabulary: Richmond upon Thames: River Views and Royal Connections 17th August 2013
a rowing boat (noun): A small boat that you move through water using oars (noun). Often, several people row together, as team and have races.
oars (noun): the long thin piece of wood with flat parts at the end.
to row (verb): to move a boat through water using oars. E.g. The team rowed their boat from London Bridge to Richmond.
to row (verb): a) to move a boat through the water using oars
b) to carry somebody (or something) in a boat that you rowed. E.g. he rowed the two boys across the river.
a canoe (noun): A light, narrow boat for one or two people that you can move through the water using a paddle (noun).
a paddle (noun): a flat piece of wood.
a paddle (verb): to walk in water that is not very deep. E.g. the children paddled in the sea.
a hassle (noun): when something is annoying to do, we might say that ‘it’s a hassle’, too much bother. E.g. It’s a real hassle having to research about Richmond Park!
a barge (noun): A long narrow boat with a flat bottom that is used for carrying goods or people on a canal (there are lots on the River Thames too!).
a houseboat (noun): a boat on a river, canal etc where somebody lives and which usually stays in one place.
a towpath (noun): A path beside a river or canal, originally used as a pathway for horses towing (pulling) barges.
to tow (verb): To pull a car or boat behind another vehicle, using a rope or chains. E.g. My car was towed away by the police. E.g. We threw some rope in the water and towed him out.
humid (adjective): (used to describe the air or climate) – Warm and feeling slightly wet. E.g. It was really humid when the temperature reached 32˚C in London last week.
damp (adjective): A little wet. E.g. When I got home after walking in the rain, my clothes were damp.
damp (noun): E.g. She hated the damp and cold climate in England.
to dump (verb): To get rid of something that you don’t want, especially in a place that is not suitable. E.g. Nuclear waste shouldn’t be dumped at sea.
a dump (noun): A place where rubbish or waste material from factories etc is left. E.g. a rubbish dump.
a squeak (noun): A short high noise that is not very loud. E.g. The squeak of a mouse.
to squeak (verb): E.g. His shoes squeaked every time he walked.
squeaky (adjective): E.g. a squeaky floorboard or door.
to starve (verb): To suffer or die because you don’t have enough food to eat.
I’m starving (informal): We say this when we’re very hungry (although we’re not actually ‘starving’ / about to die.
hungry (adjective): Want to eat. E.g. I’m hungry. E.g. I feel hungry (we can’t say ‘I feel starving’ because ‘to starve’ is a verb whereas ‘hungry’ is an adjective).
a mayor (noun): A person who is elected to be the leader of a group of people who manage the affairs of a town or city. E.g. The Mayor of London is Boris Johnson.
major (adjective): Very large, important or serious. E.g. There haven’t been any major problems on the roads today. E.g. The patient needs major heart surgery. E.g. It’s of major importance …
minor (adjective) (the opposite to ‘major’): Not very big or serious. E.g. It’s only a minor problem.
A major (noun): an officer of a middle level in the army.
massive (adjective): Very big. E.g. A massive increase in prices. E.g. Richmond Park is the largest of the Royal Parks. It’s massive!
huge (adjective): Very big (a huge amount / quantity / sum / number). E.g. A huge building. E.g. The film was a huge success. E.g. This is a huge problem for us.
to look down at (something): When you’re high up (e.g. on a hill), you can ‘look down at’ the things below you. E.g. We looked down at the villages below.
to look down on (somebody): To think that you are better than somebody. E.g. The neighbour looked down on us because she had a bigger house.
to look across (at or to something): When you look at something that is either near or far away from you. E.g. She looked across the room and saw her mother. E.g. I looked across the road and saw my neighbours cleaning their windows. E.g. When we got to the top of the hill, we looked across and saw the beautiful views.
to look through (something): E.g. She looked through the trees to see if her dog was there.
to look up to (somebody): To admire somebody and think a lot of them.
Grade I listed and Grade II listed: A listed building in the UK is a building that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural interest. They are protected by law. Some open land in the UK is also listed and, therefore, protected. Often, we just say that a place is ‘listed’ rather than specifically ‘Grade I or II’.
climate /klaɪmət/ (noun): The normal weather conditions of a particular region or country (e.g. dry / humid / tropical etc). E.g. Climate change is altering our weather patterns. We used to have four seasons, but now there are only two.
fund (noun): a sum of money that is collected for a particular purpose. E.g. I gave £50 to the disaster relief fund.
fund (verb): To provide a project, school, charity etc with money. E.g. The Channel Tunnel is not funded by government money.
to fundraise (verb): To actively find the money to provide money for a project, charity etc.
a fundraiser (noun): A person whose job is to find ways of collecting money for a charity or organisation.
Dates: e.g. 1900 is said as ‘nineteen hundred’.
1500 is said as ‘fifteen hundred.’
1901 is said as ‘nineteen / əʊ/ one’
(River) Thames = / tems/