What a lovely group you were! You all participated so well and contributed to the walk. Thank you to all of you who did some research as well ... all your hard work made such a difference.
I hope that you enjoyed exploring Richmond. It's such a pretty area and well-worth the visit.
Below is the vocabulary from the walk. I may not have included every word but there is a lot anyway! If you'd like to add some more, please add it straight to the BLOG.
I look forward to seeing you all again. Enjoy the sun while it's out!
To stray (verb): To move without a specific purpose or by mistake. When an animal ‘strays’, it moves away from all the other animals. E.g. We heard how Charles !st constructed an 8-mile (12km) wall around Richmond Park to stop the deer from straying. This means that he didn’t want the deer to move away from the park area.
A stray (noun): An animal or person that is lost. E.g. If we find a stray cat, it is a cat that has moved away from its home and is now lost.
To hire (verb): a) to hire something = when we pay money to use something for a certain period of time. E.g. We say the sign ‘Boats for hire’ on the Thames Embankment in Richmond. We can pay to use the boats for an hour or so and then we return it. We can hire a car, a boat, a bicycle etc
b) To hire a person = to employ a person to do a job. We pay a person money to do a certain job.
An anti-climax (noun): We talked about watching the Olympic Games and some people have enjoyed them. When they finish, it will be an ‘anti-climax’. From feeling excited and good, there will suddenly be nothing and it will feel empty.
A roundabout (noun): A road junction which is usually circular with an island in the middle. The traffic moves in one direction (it goes round to the right).
A toll (noun): When you have to pay to walk or drive over a bridge or on a road. E.g. We walked over Richmond Lock and Footbridge and we heard how it was a ‘toll bridge’ when it opened in 1894. People had to pay 1d (an old English penny) to walk across it to the other side. If they wanted to walk onto the bridge, enjoy the pretty views of the Thames and then walk back again, they had to pay 2d!
A lid (noun): When the top of my pen fell off near Richmond Lock and Footbridge, I called it a lid. It is the lid of the pen. We also have a lid on a dustbin i.e. a dustbin lid. Lid is pronounced as /lId/
A lead (noun): /liːd/ When a dog wears a long leather strap and its owner uses it to guide the dog. It is pronounced as /liːd/.
To lead (verb): When you guide someone or something. E.g. Gail leads the way over Richmond Bridge. It is pronounced as /liːd/. The past and past participle is ‘led’ /lɛd/. E.g. She held the little girl’s hand and led her to the toy shop.
Lead (noun): A type of metal that we find inside a pencil that we use to draw pictures with. Lead is also used to make pipes to carry water and other substances. It is pronounced as /lɛd/.
The tide (noun): When the sea rises and falls because of the influence of the moon. This usually happens twice a day. The River Thames is a ‘tidal’ river. It has tides. A flood (noun): When a large amount of water goes beyond its usual limits. E.g. We talked about how the Thames floods sometimes. When the tide is high, the water rises and begins to go over the path, then the road and up to the buildings. We say ‘it’s flooded’. Another expression we use to say this is ‘the river has burst its bank’ or ‘broken its bank’.
A riverbank (noun): The area next to the river.
‘No mooring’ (verb): We saw a sign next to the riverbank that said ‘No mooring’. To moor is when a boat stops and ties the rope onto the land so that it can stay there. This sign is telling boats that they cannot stay there!
The horizon (verb): When we look across the land and see a line between the land and the sky, we call this the horizon.
To fire (a person) (verb): This is informal. When someone has been dismissed from their job, we say they have been fired. E.g. The manager fired Gregory after he’d worked there for five years. The manager says: ‘You’re fired!’
To sack (someone) (verb): To dismiss someone from their job.
Narrow (adjective): When the width of something is small compared to its length. E.g. The river in that town is very narrow
Wide (adjective): When the width of something is bigger than average. E.g. The Thames is a wide river.
A craft (noun): An activity that involves making something with your hands. E.g. In Richmond upon Thames town centre, we walked around the craft market. We saw some jewellery, handbags, soaps, paintings and wooden toys that had been made by hand.
Crafty (adjective): When someone is very clever at getting (obtaining, having) what they want by using deceitful methods.
An aircraft (noun): Any machine which can fly e.g. an aeroplane, a helicopter etc. We use the word ‘aircraft’ to describe certain professions that work on aeroplanes e.g. an aircraft engineer.
A craftsman (noun): Someone who is skilled in making a particular craft, e.g. a jewellery maker or someone who is skilled in making leather bags etc.
A tunnel (noun): An underground passage that has been constructed by people. Tunnels can be built through hills, under buildings or roads and even under a river. E.g. we saw the entrances to the tunnel that was constructed under the Thames at Richmond in 1769.
An arch (noun): The curve-shape under a bridge. We walked through an arch under Richmond Bridge.
Tough and Hard (adjectives): We discussed what the difference is between these two words when used to describe a race in the Olympic games. E.g. it was a tough race or a hard race. Both of these words are used as informal adjectives and the meaning is the same here.
Tough (adjective): This usually refers to a substance or an object that is strong enough to survive difficult conditions.
Hard (adjective: This is usually used to describe an object that is solid and firm.